A fantastic place. Above is the crucifixion setting for Mel Gibson's 2004 film 'The passion of Christ'. Forty years earlier, Pasolini also shot 'The Gospel According to St Matthew' at Matera. People lived in caves here until most of them were forcefully relocated in the 1950s by the Italian government. One of the poorest areas of Italy, but also one of the oldest, not many people can claim to live in the same houses as their ancestors did 9000 years ago. A settlement since the Palaeolithic period.